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April 2014

UA scientists make liver disease breakthrough

Scientists at the University of Arizona (UA) have made a breakthrough in the study of end-stage liver disease that could help to develop new treatments for the condition. End-stage liver disease goes hand-in-hand with oxidative stress – damage to body tissues caused by reactive oxygen molecules or free radicals, which occur naturally as a result of the body's metabolic processes.  A number of mechanisms are employed by cells to keep …Read More

Govt launches science investment consultation

A consultation launched by the government is asking for the views of the scientific community on how science funding should be invested. The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is looking to record the opinions of a wide range of organisations from the UK scientific community, including small and medium enterprises, multinationals, universities, students and think tanks. It says funding could be allocated for a multitude of purposes, from …Read More

Leaders ‘should build trust by showing their personal side’

Leaders need to reveal their personal side if they are to restore levels of trust among workforces. This is the conclusion of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) and the University of Bath, which have produced a new report entitled 'Cultivating trustworthy leaders'.  HR staff have a particularly significant role to play in this area, as they have a number of means at their disposal to ensure trustworthy …Read More

Gene therapy developed to reverse memory loss in mice

Researchers from the Institute of Neuroscience at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB) have developed a gene therapy that could pave the way for new Alzheimer's disease treatments. One reason why attempts to devise a treatment have hitherto been unsuccessful is a lack of knowledge on the cellular mechanisms which cause alterations in nerve transmissions and the loss of memory in the initial stages of the disease. However, the UAB …Read More

HR ‘can do more to create effective dialogue’

A leading communications expert says HR departments have an important role to play in developing a clear communications strategy that will engage staff. According to Karen Heath, chief engagement officer of Anthony Hodges Consulting, communications should be tailored to the needs of employees whenever possible. Many companies do not take this approach, HR Magazine reports, often opting for a blanket communication sent to all staff rather than addressing each employee …Read More

Scientists discover role of protein in combating cancer

Researchers have identified a new 'dustbin' role for a molecule that helps a drug to kill cancer cells. The new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on Monday April 21st, could be used to develop a test to identify patients who would be most responsive to a new class of cancer drugs and those who may develop resistance, as well as suggesting new approaches …Read More

DNA looping damage ‘could play role in HPV-related cancers’

Researchers at the Ohio State University have shed light on the way in which certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) cause cancer. They found that the virus disrupts the human DNA sequence with repeating loops when it is inserted into host-cell DNA as it replicates. Around 610,000 cases of cancer per year are caused by HPV. This accounts for about five per cent of all cases of the disease and …Read More

Poll finds HR professionals welcome early conciliation

Two-thirds of HR professionals welcome the introduction of early dispute settlement by the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (Acas). This is according to a poll conducted by Personnel Today, which reveals that 65.3 per cent of respondents believe early conciliation constitutes a positive step in tackling workplace disputes.  Just 6.3 per cent of those polled disagreed with the statement, while 28.4 per cent were undecided. Gill McCarthy, director of operational …Read More

Study identifies possible bowel cancer treatment target

New research reveals the role played by microRNA in the development of colorectal cancer and shows it could be a key target for treatments. A study into the role played by the molecule in bowel cancer was carried out by an international team which included scientists based at The Institute of Cancer Research, London, the University of Glasgow and Ohio State University in the US. Their findings are published in …Read More

Micro-RNA provides insight into hereditary trauma

Researchers have gained a new insight into how traumatic experiences can affect successive generations of animals. It has long been known in psychology that traumatic experience can induce behavioural disorders that can be passed down from one generation to the next but the underlying physiological mechanisms are poorly understood. Isabelle Mansuy, professor at ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich, has been studying the molecular processes involved in non-genetic inheritance …Read More